Did a ‘revamp’ of the Korean language resources page. Hopefully it will be neater and accessible ^^
3.5 years of learning Korean, and I still don’t have the confidence that I can pronounce everything correctly. There’s so many sound changes, some regular and some irregular and things are not as simple as they seem. That’s why I get annoyed when I hear people
boast and claim that Korean is so easy to pronounce and ‘I can read everything within a few lessons, just that I don’t understand what I’m reading’.
For those who are interested in a more in depth coverage of Korean sound changes and rules, check out this link. It’s written entirely in Korean though. ^^ I’ll try to talk about some of the more interesting points here.
There’s no rules stating which words are pronounced with a long sound but when they do, they are only pronounced with the long vowel when they are the first character in a word.
예) 눈보라 [눈:보라] ; 첫눈 [천눈]
However, for compound words, it is possible that the long sound remains in the first character of the 2nd word.
예) 반신반의 [반:신 바:니] – to be suspicious
When a stem is followed by a particle starting with ‘아/어’ and then compressed, it is pronounced with a long sound.
예) 보아 –> 봐 [봐:] 하여 –> 해 [해:]
This is even so even though the original root word does not have a long sound 보다 [보다].
However, that does not mean that it applies to all such words.
예) 오아 –> 와 [와]
Even for words with long sounds, there are certain situations where they are pronounced with a short vowel
1. When the stem is followed by a particle that starts with a vowel
예) 감다 [감:따] – 감으니 [가므니] 신다 [신:따] – 신어 [시너]
However, there are certain exceptions
예) 없다 [업:따] – 없으니 [업:쓰니]
2. Long sounds are not manifested in the passive form of the verb
예) 감다 [감:따] – 감기다 [감기다]
However, there are some exceptions
예) 벌리다 [벌:리다]
How many however-s have I typed in this post so far?? O.o
NOTE: all the examples are taken from the site linked above. However, I only pick one or two examples to illustrate the point. For more examples, please refer to the site.
I recommend printing out everything unless you want to kill your eyes (: