Once again, I’m truly humbled. Not long ago, I thought of grammar constructions as ‘formulas’ and as long as I understand the explanations given the book, I can use them. Language in this sense is made up of loads and loads of different constructions. Something like a puzzle that I can solve. But I’ve realised that grammar explanations given in books are just the tip of the iceberg and there’s so much more to language.
- 동시에 할 수 없는 두 개의 일 중 하나를 하고 그 때문에 드른 하나를 못 했다는 의미를 나타낸다. Means that you can’t do 2 things at the same time. Doing thing A causes you not to do thing B.
- 앞의 내용 때문에 너무 힘들었다는 의미를 나타낸다 Because of the action in the subordinate clause, you feel tired.
(Note: Sorry for the lousy translation! Original Korean explanation from the book 한국어 문법 연습)
갑자기 일이 생기느라고 약속을 지킬 수 없게 됐어요. (X)
When I came across this sentence, I couldn’t understand why 생기느라고 is wrong. To me, it seemed like it could fit meaning 1! I asked on my blog, and my friends replied with an excellent explanation. I’m really grateful for the help I’ve always been given ^^
First off, the expression ‘일이 생기느라고’ is strange. Usually, people say ‘갑자기 일이 생겨서…’.
Next, 생기다 is a 자동사 (intransitive verb). It is incompatible with the construction ~느라고 which seems to take transitive verbs only.
예) (내가) 무엇을 만드느라고 …
I’ve come across explanations for ~느라고 in different textbooks and NONE of them mentioned this! My friend kindly point me to a Naver 지식 question that is related to ~느라고 too. It’s helpful to understanding in what situations the construction is used.
나는 시험 준비를 하느라고 밤을 새웠다. (O)
나는 시험 준비를 하므로 밤을 새웠다. (X)
~느라고 takes objects in front of it while ~므로 does not.
~므로 is generally interchangeable with ~기 때문에 BUT ~기 때문에 can BOTH take objects or not.
예)영희는 웃음을 참느라고 딴 데를 보았다.
철수는 어제 책을 읽느라고 밤을 새웠다.
예) 그는 부지런하므로 성공할 것이다
비가 오므로 외출하지 않았다.
Writing it here again helps to consolidate my knowledge and I also wanna share what I’ve learnt with all of you (: If there are any mistakes or anything to add on, please let me know! ^^
To follow the original discussion in Korean, please click HERE