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발음 규칙 (2) – Hanja beginning with ㄹ

I must be crazy. I have a phonetics final exam next tues and here I am, blogging about Korean phonology instead. >,< Now you know where my priorities lie..

Previously, I’ve blogged about how 한자 starting with ㄴ have different pronunciation and written rules depending on their positions in the word. Something similar is going on with 한자 that begin with the ㄹ consonant.

For 한자 that begin with 랴,려,례,료,류, it is written and pronounced as 야,여,예,요,유 instead.

예) 역사 (史)   유행 (流行)

In the case of a bound noun, it is written and pronounced as original.

예) 리 (里):몇 리예요?

When the characters are not word initial, they are written and pronounced as original

예) 도리, 진리

NOTE 1: However, if the character in front ends in a vowel or ㄴ, 렬 and 률 are writen as 열 and 율 respectively

예) 나열 (列)    비율 (率)

NOTE 2: When used as a single character in names, it is written and pronounced as original

NOTE 3: When it occurs as a shortened form/acronym of a longer full form, it is written and pronounced as original

예) 대한교련 which comes from 대한교육연합회

NOTE 4: When a 한자 is added in front as a prefix to form a compound noun, the first character of the word is pronounced with ㄴ or ㄹ but is still written without it

예) 연이율 () [연니율]

NOTE 5: when 2 or more characters forming a native word is added in front of the 한자, it follows the rule of NOTE 4

예) 서울여관 [서울여관]


Isn’t Korean beautifully complicated? hahaha. It’s amazing how native speakers can internalise all these rules.

For ‘량’, which is a word for measurement and unit, it is written as 양 when preceded by native words/foreign loanwords and written as 량 when preceded by 한자. (credits)

[credits: taken from 국어능력인증시험 완벽 준비서]

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